Percentage of husbands who agree with “Husbands should share in housework” soars from 38.0% in 1988 to 81.7% in 2018
13.7% of husbands and 97.1% of wives “often prepare meals”
Hakuhodo Institute of Life and Living has conducted its Family Survey of couples in households where the husband is a salaried employee every ten years since 1988 (1988, 1998, 2008, 2018). Aside from time-series analysis of 30 years of data, the survey enables a look at gaps between responses by spouses by asking husbands and wives the same questions.
Following the previous report on Spousal Power Relationships released on June 11, this second report is entitled Married Couples’ Division of Housework and Childcare. It provides key survey findings and shines a spotlight on changes in how families share housework and childcare as well as changes in attitudes on sharing housework and childcare between husband and wife.
The survey is part of Hakuhodo Institute of Life and Living’s Japanese Families: 30 Years of Change (1988–2018) study. These and other research findings will be presented at events and in reports as Summer Seminar 2018 Japanese Families: 30 Years of Change (1988–2018).
Married couples’ attitudes on housework and childcare participation
Husbands’ willingness to participate in housework and childcare hits 30-year high
Married couples’ actual participation in housework
While husbands’ participation in housework has climbed over thirty years, it does not compare to that of wives
Married couples’ division of labor (Surveyed only in 2018)
The majority’s ideal is “share work equally” and “whoever is available does the work,” but in practice, 70 percent follow the traditional division of labor
Attitudes on work-home balance (Surveyed only in 2018)
One in four husbands “want to reduce work and engage more in housework and childcare”